Before theŽ45, six Independent Companies (of soldiery) were raised to
police the Highlands of Scotland, so creating a Regiment called the Black
Before 1740, they used a dark tartan which came to be called the Black
Watch. Its origin is still argued but when tartan was proscribed it became
the Government tartan and is now a Universal one, that all may wear.
This Black Watch
tartan became the basis of many variations
involving white, red and yellow over checks as clan tartans.
Some later regiments evolved a tartan from elements present in the tartans
of their founders. For example, the 79th Cameron Highlanders
used elements from MacDonald and Cameron designs, being the brainchild of
Alan Cameron of Erracht.
The Seaforth Highlanders wore the MacKenzie Tartan because they were led
by the Earl of Seaforth, chief of the MacKenzies.
were often clad in a brighter Tartan of
which the Royal
Stewart is the
most famous, many others having been
forgotten or continuing as clan tartans.
authorised in 1928 for the Royal Scots
Fusiliers. These simpler tartans have
become used for dancing because of their
bright and simple under check and
potential for re-colouring as with the
range of MacPherson
Tartans on the
the lowland Scottish Regiments adopted
modified highland dress of doublet and
tartan trews and, whilst clad in
Government tartan the basic Black Watch
was "differenced" with many
different over checks as seen in the Lamont for the
Royal Scots moved to Hunting Stewart In
1903, the King's Own Scottish Borderers
to Leslie, by
association with David Leslie, Earl of
Leven, who raised them in 1889. The Royal
Scots Fusiliers wore latterly the Hunting